Full text: Accumulation and Technology

The department scheme was applied by Marx first to simple 
reproduction where it does not raise any problems. The 
economy is divided into two departments, investment goods 
(dep I ) and consumption goods ( dep II ). In each the 
value of the product ( 0 ) is composed of ‘materials 
and replacement of capital ( constant capital, C ), 
of wagespaid ( variable capital, W ) and the remaining 
value, surplus ( M ) which corresponds to net profit. 
C-| + W-| + M-| = 0-| j 
C2 Wg + M2 — O2 
The product of dep II must be bought up by the sum of 
wages and surplus of the two depaartments: 
w i + 3_ 
+ M 1 + m 2 =3 
C 1 + C 2 
= 0. 
G 2 = w, + Mj 
In his arithmetical examples Marx fixed first a certain 
rate of exploitation M * W and a certain "organic 
composition" C -f W , and tried to constrain his choice 
of concrete numbers by this assumptions. 
When Marx tried to apply hisschemata to the case of 
accumulation ("extended reproduction" ) he ran into 
difficulties. His procedures and examples have been 
analysed and criticised at great length by Rosa Luxemburg 
( Akkumulationdes Kapitals)

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