Full text: Small and Big Business

interrelation of decisions which "beset the large firm and 
lead to rigid cumbersome bureaucratic rule - these problems 
can indeed to extent be solved by a suitable 
application of the computer. This makes it possible to 
deal with problems of great complexity and many details 
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and ii; can therefore establish the coordination of a great 
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number of decisions. In principle it esa&les yob to worft 
effectively a controller of great complexity. 
All the developments just mentioned have become prominent only 
in the course of the last 25 years. Rather more recently atten 
tion has been drawn to a development which is not new but has 
been accelerating recently and is being recognized more and 
more as one of the most pregnant changes in our time: It is 
the growing power and influence of the international (or 
"multi-national") concerns. Their origin is manifold: On 
the one hand exploitation of the resources of undevelopped 
countries, on the other hand technical know-how combined 
with protectionism.in the countries of outlet. The present \ 
role of these concerns is based on the liberajtion of trade 
and payments in the industrial countries. Although their 
share in the manufacturing + mining industries of industrial 
countries is usually less than twenty percent, this share 
is bound to grow quickly because the multi-national concerns 
grow faster than the rest of industry in many countries. The 
power of these concerns threatens to transcend that of national 
governments, at any rate those of the smaller industrial 
countries, not to speak of less developped countries where 
their influence is not new. The process of concentration 
which is dealt with in this book, has therefore reached

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