Full text: Semantics of ownership

informed about free recall clusters and were asked to circle 
“he recall clusters in their own recall lists. Clusters of 
only one member were allowed. Subjects were then asked to 
identity both the best (i.e. the most representative or 
typical) and the worst exemplars in each recall list. 
Finally, subjects were asked to describe, if they could, the 
strategies they used to recall exemplars of what they owned 
and what they did not own. 
Results: First, all subjects were able to list 
exemplars of things they did not own. The mean number of 
items listed was 11.46 (SD = 4.99), as compared to 18.93 (SD 
= 7.8) for things owned. Since the pilot study did not 
balance the order of the categories across the subjects, it 
was not possible to determine whe ther the smaller output for 
not owned things was due to it being more difficult to 
generate exemplars in that category or due to a general 
fatigue effect of recalling fewer items on each successive 
category. Second, the mean number of recall clusters in the 
first 10 items was 5.2 (SD = 1.76). Therefore, it appears 
that 10-item recall lists are not unrepresentative because 
they include only one recall cluster. Ten-item recall lists 
also should not be unrepresentative because their exemplars 
are atypical, since the best exemplars tended to be in the 
top half of the recall lists, in the 4th or 5th positions, 
and the worst exemplars tended to be in the bottom half. of

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