Full text: Semantics of ownership

for owned things (p = .85) nor for things not owned (p = 
.78). There were also no differences on the mean recall 
postions of category membership for owned things (p = .30) 
nor for things not owned (p = .36). Since the null 
hypothesis of no differences between the recall listings of 
the experimenter-present group and the experimenter-absent 
group appears warranted, in all subsequent analyses the data 
of the two groups were combined. 
Tabulation of Exemplars 
In psychological studies of semantics using free 
recall, the recall items themselves have been tabulated and 
displayed as results for subsequent discussion (Battig & 
Montague, 1946). Typically, the recall items are rank 
ordered by frequency of occurrence and may be presented 
along with recall position information. A computer program 
was developed in WBASIC to count the frequency of occurrence 
and to calculate the mean and standard deviation of the 
recall position for each recall item. Tables 2 and 3 show 
the exemplars of things owned and things not owned that had 
frequencies of occurrence of 10 or more, representing in 
both cases, 670 items, or 56% of the total 1200 recall items 
in each listing. (Appendices H and I have the complete 
listings.) Similar tabulations were made for the 72 
i ies for 
exemplar categories. The rank ordering of categorie 
owned things with at least 10 listings appears in Table 4

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