Full text: Semantics of ownership

territorial exemplars. However, this appears not to be the 
case, since the small but stataistically significant 
correlation between the two recall listings remained even 
when items in the 11 territorial categories were deleted. 
In a recent sociological study of family structure and 
the perception of 'special' domestic objects 
(Csikszentmihalyi & Roshberg-Halton, 1981), the types of 
objects most frequently identified as 'special' by the 315 
interviewed subjects were, in order from most frequent to 
least: Furniture, Visual Art, Sculpture, Photos, Books, 
Musical Instruments, Stereos, TV, Plates, Appliances, 
Collections, Plants, ‘Bed, Glass, and Sports Equipment. Of 
these, the art and tableware categories were relatively rare 
in the present study's listings of things owned and not 
owned. But the other types of {Gums were common in both 
recall listings. The appearance of these items in both 
studies suggests that some criterion of 'special' was 
influencing the recall tasks. This might seem to represent 
a frequency effect. Zajonc (1968) has reviewed evidence 
that frequent exposure to a stimulus can result in an 
enhanced attitude towards it. However, in the present 
study, such commonly encountered items as telephones, 
knives, coat, purse and cups were each listed only once. 
Also, a criterion of size does appear to account for

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