Full text: Semantics of ownership

the person. Rather, "possession" appears to have meant 
something more along the lines of "having", or, if it may be 
said, "owning". Assertion and Familiarity were similarly 
high in applicability to owned items. Finally, Gift and 
Crafting apparently had relatively little importance in 
subjects' recall of things owned. If they were important as 
implicit criteria of ownership, it would be expected that 
more gift and crafted items would have been listed. For 
example, in Csikszentmihalyi & Rochberg-Halton's (1981) 
study, 30% of the items reported as "special" were acquired 
as gifts. 
The results of judgements of -applicability of criteria 
to exemplars of things not owned appear in Table 7. If the 
dominant recall strategy is considered, i.e. exemplars as 
candidates for ownership, then it is evident that the most 
common trait of candidacy measured by the judgement task was 
Desire, with Aesthetics following in second place. The fact 
that the median scores for these were in mid-scale (2.57 and 
2.07) rather than at the top of the scale (4.00) might be 
accounted for by the fact that some subjects used recall 
strategies other than candidacy for ownership. That 
Crafting, Gift, as well as Purchase, were not very praminent 
in the recall of things not owned is sensible, since these 
three criteria are means of acquisition.

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