Full text: Ownership as interpersonal dominance

The positive correlations of preferences for Leadership with favorable attitudes towards 
the institution of private property were the most consistent finding of this study, appearing with 
both property attitude questions, at both the societal and individual levels of analysis. When 
educated young adult men want to be leaders, then they also like the institution of private 
property. Within particular societies, this appears to be the case more strongly for those 
societies where the educated young adult men also want to be autonomous. As will be 
explained, this can be interpreted to support the idea that private property serves to control 
others, particularly within those societies where Independence of the control of others is 
valued. This becomes more evident if the SIV Leadership scale is interpreted as a scale of 
interpersonal dominance. 
Although it is generally questionable to argue for a post-hoc reinterpretation of the 
construct underlying an established scale, several arguments can be put forward to do so here. 
First, leadership and dominance have long been seen to be confounded constructs (e.g. 
Anderson, 1940). Second, according to the SIV manual (Gordon, 1976), the SIV Leadership 
measure has been shown to be positively correlated with the Dominance measure of Edward's 
Personal Preference Schedule (n=98, r=.64, p<.01) and with Expressed-Control-of-Others on 
Shutz’s FIRO-B test (n=71, r=.60, p<.01). Third, an examination of the actual items would 
suggest that dominance is not an unreasonable extension of the meaning of leadership on the 
To be the one who is in charge. 
To take the lead in making group decisions. 
To be the leader of the group I'm in. 
To have other people work under my direction. 
To be a person of influence. 
To be regarded as the leader. 
To be in charge of some important project. 
To have a great deal of influence. 
To hold an important job or office. 
To be in a position of authority. 
To make decisions for the group. 
To be in a very responsible positions. 
To be in charge of a group of people. 
To direct others in their work. 
To be selected for a leadership position. 
To be in a position to tell others what to do.

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