Full text: Ownership as interpersonal dominance

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To follow rules and regulations closely. 
To do what is accepted and proper. 
To follow a strict code of conduct. 
To follow social standards of conduct. : 
To always maintain the highest moral standards. 
To do things in the approved manner. 
To attend strictly to the business at hand. 
To conform strictly to the rules. 
To do my duty. : 
To always do what is morally right. 
To do what is socially correct. 
To show respect to my superiors. 
To do what is considered conventional. 
To have proper and correct social manners. 
To always do the approved thing. 
This re-interpretation of the Conformity scale is supported by the multiple regression results in 
which preferences for Leadership, Support and Recognition over Conformity were the best 
independent predictors of not rejecting the institution of private property. These show a 
preference for socially secured control of resources in lieu of being obedient to social norms. 
Social systems need to have mechanisms to constrain the behavior of their members 
(Campbell, 1982). Private property would appear to be one such mechanism. Campbell (1982) 
describes four mechanisms of social control: 
(1) Mutual monitoring 
This includes face-to-face approval and disapproval, ostracism, conformity pressure, 
shame and pride. All group members share in both detecting violations and enforcing 
sanctions. 
. (2) Internalized restraint 
This category includes processes of conscience or superego, the pain of guilt feelings, and 
the fear of supernatural sanctions. There is self-monitoring of norm violations and 
self-punishment. 
(3) Legal control 
Overt rules about offenses and punishments are in this mode. The detection of violations 
and the enforcement of penalties are delegated to specialists such as police, militia, tax 
collectors, and judiciary. Sanctions include job loss, imprisonment, fines, exile and death. 
Rational bureaucratic systems are included in this category, as is government by 
administrative regulation. 
(4) Market mechanisms 
in such processes the intelligently selfish choice of all individuals curb the greed of 
individuals by making it unprofitable, as in the ‘invisible hand’ of laissez-faire economics 
and libertarian political theory. (Campbell, 1982, pp. 434-435) 
Property behavior would seem to be a component of all four mechanisms. For example, people 
monitor who owns what, they expect internalized restraint towards others’ property, they have 
systems of property law, and they have economic systems of property exchange. Conformity 
would certainly seem to be a component of the first two. As it was explained in the early 
Christian theories of property, private property constrains the behavior of men by subjecting 
them to various realms of dominion (Schlatter, 1951). Property depends on conformity by others 
to property norms but it also gives the owner a realm of independence and dominion.
	        
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