Full text: Accumulation and Technology

U 
The department scheme was applied by Marx first to simple 
reproduction where it does not raise any problems. The 
economy is divided into two departments, investment goods 
(dep I ) and consumption goods ( dep II ). In each the 
value of the product ( 0 ) is composed of ‘materials 
and replacement of capital ( constant capital, C ), 
of wagespaid ( variable capital, W ) and the remaining 
value, surplus ( M ) which corresponds to net profit. 
Thus 
C-| + W-| + M-| = 0-j j 
C2 + W 2 + M 2 = 0 2 , 
'1 
II 
C„ 
W< 
W, 
M, 
M, 
II 
1 
The product of dep II must be bought up by the sum of 
wages and surplus of the two depaartments: 
W, + W 0 
1 2 
+ M 1 + M 2 = °2 
C 1 + C 2 " °1 
C 2 =W 1 
+ M 
1 
In his arithmetical examples Marx fixed first a certain 
rate of exploitation M + W and a certain "organic 
composition" C + W , and tried to constrain his choice 
of concrete numbers by this assumptions. 
When Marx tried to apply hisschemata to the case of 
accumulation ("extended reproduction" ) he ran into 
difficulties. His procedures and examples have been 
analysed and criticised at great length by Rosa Luxemburg 
( Akkumulationdes Kapitals)
	        

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